Vasant Panchami, also called Sarasvati Puja in honor of the Goddess Saraswati, is a festival that marks the preparation for the arrival of spring. Vasant Panchami also marks the start of preparation for Holika and Holi, which take place forty days later. The Vasant Utsava (festival) on Panchami is celebrated forty days before spring, because any season’s transition period is 40 days, and after that, the season comes into full bloom.
Vasant Panchami is celebrated every year on the fifth day of the bright half of the Hindu lunisolar calendar month of Magha, which typically falls in late January or February. Spring is known as the “King of all Seasons”, so the festival commences forty days in advance. It is generally winter-like in northern India, and more spring-like in central and western parts of India on Vasant Panchami, which gives credence to the idea that spring is actually in full bloom 40 days after the Vasant Panchami day.
Vasant Panchami Date 2024
- Vasant Panchami Day- Wednesday
- Date- February 14, 2024
- Tithi- Begins on February 13, 2024, at 02:41 PM and ends at 12:09 PM on February 14, 2024
- Saraswati puja timings- 07:01 AM to 12:35 PM
- Muhurat- 5 hours and 34 minutes
Vasant Panchami is a festival that marks the beginning of preparations for spring season. It is celebrated by people in various ways depending on the region. Vasant Panchami also marks the start of preparation for Holika and Holi, which occur forty days later. For many Hindus, Vasant Panchami is the festival dedicated to Goddess Saraswati who is the goddess of knowledge, language, music and all arts. She symbolizes creative energy and power in all its form, including longing and love. The season and festival also celebrate the agricultural fields’ ripening with yellow flowers of mustard crop, which we associate with Saraswati’s favorite color. People dress in yellow saris or shirts or accessories, share yellow-colored snacks and sweets. Some add saffron to their rice and then eat yellow cooked rice as a part of an elaborate feast.
Many families mark this day by sitting with babies and young children, encouraging their children to write their first words with their fingers, and some study or create music together. The day before Vasant Panchami, Saraswati’s temples are filled with food so that she can join the celebrants in the traditional feasting the following morning. In temples and educational institutions, statues of Saraswati are dressed in yellow and worshiped. Many educational institutions arrange special prayers or Pujas in the to seek the blessing of the Goddess. Poetic and musical gatherings are held in some communities in reverence for Saraswati.
Historical And Mythological Significance Of Vasant Panchami
Vasant Panchami is historically associated with Lord Brahma’s wife, Goddess Saraswati’s birth, the deity for music and art. The mythological and historical significance is explained through the legend of the Lord of Love, Kama Dev’s crucial role in uniting Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva.
Since Lord Shiva was in a deep depression, Kama Dev helped Goddess Parvati in breaking his Vairagya state and bringing him to the Grihastha world. Since then vasant panchami festival has been believed to be the auspicious day to get married, start new work, or do anything new.
Cultural Significance Of Vasant Panchami
Vasant Panchami is culturally signified as the beginning of the spring season’s preparations. It marks the day to initiate new things or ventures in life.
Rituals And Traditions On Vasant Panchami
Rituals associated with Saraswati Puja:
- Preparation Of Idols
Idols are set in the puja place during Saraswati Puja and the
- Prayers And Offerings
Devotees prepare offerings and offer them to the Goddess Saraswati. Prayers and mantras are recited during Sarawati puja with complete devotion.
- Yagnas And Homas
Many devotees perform yajnas and homas during Saraswati Pooja, and the following mantra is recited:
Om Saraswati Mayaa Drishtwa, Veena Pustak Dharnim | Hans Vahini Samayuktaa Maa Vidya Daan Karotu Me Om ||
- Kite Flying
Kite flying is largely observed during Vasant Panchami. Thousands of people go to their terraces to celebrate the day by kite flying. Kite-flying competitions are also followed on this day to boost the celebrations.
- Yellow Clothing And Food
Since yellow is deemed auspicious and sacred and bright yellow flowers bloomed during this period in the mustard fields, people wear yellow and consume yellow sweet foods.
- Educational And Cultural Programs
Education and cultural programs are performed on Vasant Panchami since people honour Goddess Saraswati on this day. Vidyarambham, or Aksharabhyasam, a tradition to mark the beginning of education or Vidya, is also observed on Vasant Panchami.
Vasant Panchami In Different Parts Of India
Vasant Panchami is greatly revered and observed in every part of India, including North India, East India, West India, and South India.
Goddess Saraswati, the deity of art and wisdom, is revered on Vasant Panchami. People also observe Saraswati puja and perform many rituals on this day. SmartPuja helps devotees perform hassle-free sarasvathi puja and homa on Vasant Panchami.
FAQs Related to Vasant Panchami Saraswati Puja
Goddess Saraswati’s birthday is observed on this day.
Vasant Panchami marks as initiation of education, so children are initiated to writing or education on this day.
Yellow is believed to be the favourite colour of the goddess Saraswati.
a. Sweet rice
b. Kesari halwa
c. Jaggery kheer, etc.
Om Vaakdevayi ch: Viddhmahe, Virinji Vatniyai ch: Dheemahi Tanno Vaani Prachodayaat
The ripening of agricultural fields with mustard crop’s yellow flowers is celebrated during Vasant Panchami since it is associated with the favourite colour of Goddess Saraswati.